Track interpretation from a primary perspective: What progress has been made in BTC, Solana, and Restaking?

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Original author: Lao Bai

A while ago, a public account I like very much, Orange Book, published an article titled Crypto Impotence.

A terrible boredom is spreading in the Crypto world, like the Black Death. No one knows where it started, but before you know it, you find that this disease is everywhere.

Come to think of it, there is really nothing worth writing about in the recent circle of technology. The only hot topics are concentrated on memes such as Pepe, Trump, and Jenner. The last technology-oriented hot topic was probably the duality of image and currency Pandora?

The primary market is also affected. Fortunately, innovation is always happening. Although we still don’t see anything truly 0 to 1, things from 1 to 10 are still happening in all tracks.

The previous research report mainly focused on the new ideas at various levels under the Modular narrative on ETH. In this issue, let’s take a look at the “1 to 10” on the three tracks of BTC, Solana, and Restaking.

1. BTC

Rune, which many people expected, did not bring the expected popularity. If BRC 20 or Ordi was a hectic surprise, Runes was a collective everything is ready, only the east (upward) wind (line) welcoming ceremony from Cex to Dex to Infra. However, the old saying the hottest will die is true, at least in the short term. In the long run, Runes, Atomical, RGBRGB++ and other protocols are still expected to inject new vitality into BTCs asset issuance. The upgrade of BRC 20 two months ago is also clearly working towards a more flexible route. Apart from anything else, the native stablecoin based on BRC 20 is now much easier to implement.

In addition to the UTXO Stack that I wrote about before, the three most worth talking about in the BTC ecosystem in the past two months should be Fractal -@fractal_bitcoin launched by Unisat, Arch Network -@ArchNtwrk, and Quarry -@QuarryBTC.

Fractal – has a very peculiar design concept. In essence, you can think of it as a 100% Fork of BTC, but the block time is reduced to 30 seconds.

You may be thinking – what the hell is this? Isnt this just a BTC testnet? Litecoin, BCH, BSV, etc. at least have their own things, but you are just a 99% mirror chain, whats the point? How can you guarantee security?

Actually, it means a lot

1. Fractal uses the same POW and SHA 256 as BTC, has market value, incentives, is much more stable than the BTC testnet (those who have used the BTC testnet will understand), and is much faster (one block in 30 seconds)

2. Joint mining with 1/3 of the BTC main network (main network miners can mine a Fractal block every 90 seconds), theoretically achieving 80-90% of the BTC main network security

3. Because it is 100% consistent with BTC, all kinds of XXRC 20 assets and infrastructure on BTC can be seamlessly migrated without changing a line of code

4. It will implement controversial opcode proposals such as OP_CAT and ZK native verification OPCode faster than the BTC mainnet

5. Because of 4, in the future, inscription-based contracts can be implemented through scripts

6. If someone else did this, you would think it was strange, but when Unisat did it, it felt like the perfect fit.

Arch – Compared to various aesthetic fatigue BTC EVM L2/sidechains, Arch brings programmability to BTC through an indexer + ZKVM with decentralized Prover, similar to a 1.5 layer – transactions are triggered through L1, and various asset conversion logics are executed in Archs ZKVM, and finally ZK proofs are generated and the results are broadcast back to the BTC mainnet

It feels similar to RGB++. Both rely on BTC mainnet transactions to trigger. The difference is that RGB++ uses isomorphic binding based on CKB Cell, while Arch relies on indexer + ZKVM to achieve

Quarry – Made the BTC-based joint mining into an Infra form, which is equivalent to making a set of miners or computing power versions of OP Stack + Eigen Layer

In simple terms, you can quickly launch a POW chain through Quarry, which can be jointly mined with BTC miners and ensure its own security through the hashrate of BTC miners. Token rewards are given to participating miners, similar to EigenLayers AVS rewards. Compared to EigenLayer or Babylon, which strive for the POS security of BTC and ETH holders, Quarry strives for the hash power security of miners. It is worth observing how much market share POW Appchain can take in the market where POS is popular.

Solana

The most interesting thing about Solana during this period should be the concept of modularity

As we all know, ETH is taking the concept of modularization, while Solana has always been the representative of the monolithic chain camp.

In the past few months, we have indeed talked about several projects that are modularized on Solana.

For example, MagicBlock – @magicblock, Sonic – @SonicSVM, Solforge, Mantis – @mantis, etc.

Magicblock’s main product is an Ephemeral (temporary) Rollup – the main concept is “delete after use, burn after reading”. This concept was first proposed by AltLayer in 2022 or 2023, but it is not the main selling point of Alt Layer now. As a project focusing on Solana’s full-chain game engine, MagicBlock’s Ephemeral Rollup should be part of their solution.

Sonic’s main focus is the Gaming Appchain on Solana, and it recently announced the completion of its financing. It uses a HyperGrid Framework architecture that allows games to easily launch an SVM Appchain. As the first L2 prototype, Sonic should be understood as XAI on Arb?

Solforge is a general-purpose Appchain Stack, which is intended to be positioned as the SVM version of OP Stack or Arbitrum Orbit.

Mantis is an SVM Rollup of the Intent settlement layer. It is not limited to serving the Solana ecosystem. OrderBook Flow related to EVM can also be settled in Mantis. After all, Solver is inherently abstracted with some chain attributes.

Here are a few interesting points worth noting

1. Although Solana focuses on single-chip high performance, it is said that after a game became popular in the first half of the year, the TX of this game accounted for as much as 20% of the entire chain. This is when the daily active users are only in the four or five digits. I dare not imagine what kind of load the daily active users will bear if they go up a level or if several similar game chains appear. This may also be an important catalyst for the idea of modularization in the Solana ecosystem.

2. Toly himself went from being against modularization last year to being neutral in this direction this year. This can be seen from his Twi this year.

3. Many people in the Solana Foundation are inclined to support modularization, and many developers also believe that Solanas modularization is imperative

4. Kyle from Multicoin has always been an evangelist for Solana and monolithic chains. He is said to still be against this concept.

The infrastructure of Solana in the next 6-12 months should be an interesting observation. In addition to the rise of modular narratives, the launch of the simplified version of FireDancer before the end of the year and the full version next year will bring improvements to Solana TPS and stability, which is also worth looking forward to.

3. Restaking

Restaking is probably the hottest track in the past six months, no doubt about it.

However, I found that many people do not know the difference between the two leading companies, Babylon and EigenLayer. Even some of the project parties I talked to are confused about this, so it is worth talking about it separately.

In short, Eigen can set up relatively complex slashing mechanisms because it is naturally capable of smart contracts. For example, the first prototype AVS EigenDA came from this. If you want to use Babylon to make something like BabylonDA, it is impossible because the script of the BTC original chain cannot support such complex things.

But at the same time, Babylons black technology EOTS (extractable one-time signature) and BTC timestamp protocol are also not available in Eigen. This is also the confidence that Babylon can be the only Restaking in the BTC ecosystem, focusing on a native BTC Restaking, which is also something that Eigen cannot achieve.

Of course, this kind of native BTC Restaking can only achieve limited functions, and basically covers two points. One is to help the POS chain prevent Long Range Attack through the BTC timestamp protocol, and the other is to help the POS chain achieve or cold start its POS security consensus. In a nutshell, if you want to launch a chain, you can find me. If you want to make a DAPP, please turn left and go to Eigen next door.

If you really want to use Babylon to make an AVS, can you implement something like EigenDA or Oracle? The answer is yes, but you need an extension package. For example, Chakra – @ChakraChain or SatLayer – @satlayer, put a layer of baby on top of Babylon, use the built-in smart contracts of these two projects to implement a more complex slashing mechanism, and then you can develop DAPP genre AVS like DA, storage, oracle, etc.

To put it more abstractly, in terms of functionality: Babylon+Chakra/SatLayer = Eigenlayer

On the Babylon side, in addition to the two ecological projects mentioned above that are committed to making Babylon as complex as Eigen, there are also LRT ecological niches such as Solv Protocol and Lorenzo that are benchmarked against EtherFi and Renzo. On the Eigen side, because it is inherently complex enough, the Stack or extension package has been stacked to a higher level. For example, Ethos – @EthosStake is doing the Coordination/Interoperability Layer of AVS, Aethos – @aethosnetwork is doing the Programmable Policy (policy editing) Layer of AVS, and so on. It feels that as the Stack on the Eigen side becomes richer and the infrastructure becomes more and more complete, Eigen may become more and more like an AWS. In the end, you can achieve the security level + infrastructure package you want to buy by clicking and dragging. On top of that, whether you want to start a chain or make a storage or Oracle-like DAPP is completely your freedom.

PS I recently chatted with a FA, and he said that he had talked to at least 50 or 60 VCs recently. Some were looking at Infra, some were looking at Games, and some were looking at Bitcoin. But there was only one track that all VCs were looking at, not one! Can you guess which one it was?

The answer is: Ton…

However, investing in Ton is much more difficult than investing in ETH or Solana. If Notcoin had approached VCs with its Deck or Demo six months ago, how many VCs would have decided to go all-in after seeing this?

If I have the chance, I will write about Ton again in the next research report.

This article is sourced from the internet: Track interpretation from a primary perspective: What progress has been made in BTC, Solana, and Restaking?

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