Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches $55,000

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Original author: Carol, PANews

Bitcoin has successfully completed its fourth halving on April 20. After this halving, the block reward has dropped to 3.125 BTC. The halving will first affect the mining industry, and miners income will plummet in the short term. In addition, the halving will also affect Bitcoins inflation rate. The market expects that the increase in scarcity will drive the price of the currency further up. But the actual situation is that since the halving, Bitcoin has still been sideways at a high level, with a slight drop of 3.87%, which has caused miners to face stress tests and many short-term investors to face losses.

In essence, each halving is another dynamic balance of market supply and demand. In this rebalancing process, what trends in market funds are worth paying attention to? How much pressure is the mining industry facing? What is the current demand side of Bitcoin? PAData, a data column under PANews, comprehensively analyzed the current market data, mining data and other demand-side data and found that:

  • Since March, the proportion of Bitcoin losing chips has continued to rise from 1.28% to 15.18%. After the production cut, the average SOPR index of short-term investors is 0.99972. Many short-term investors may have suffered losses due to the expectation of production cuts.

  • After the reduction in production, the circulation rate of tokens on the chain dropped by 23%, and more chips are in the process of accumulation. From the perspective of time period, since this year, the number of chips with a holding period of 1 month to 3 months, 3 months to 6 months, and 3 years to 5 years has increased significantly; from the perspective of holding addresses with different balances, the number of addresses with balances between 100 BTC and 1000 BTC, and between 1000 BTC and 10000 BTC has increased significantly by more than 1.3%.

  • After the production cut, miners are facing greater revenue pressure. According to the current currency price and higher electricity costs, the shutdown price is estimated to be US$55,000, a significant increase from the lowest shutdown price of US$14,300 in August last year.

  • The current total daily mining revenue is about $26.4871 million, down 51.63% from the average daily revenue of $54.7623 million before the halving this year. The current daily transaction fee is about $2.28 million, down 34% from the average daily fee before the halving this year.

  • Assuming that the transaction fee income remains unchanged, that is, maintaining the current average transaction fee and number of transactions, then to achieve the average daily income level before this years halving, the coin price needs to reach US$94,489.82, which is equivalent to an increase of 51.63% over the current coin price.

  • Assuming the price of the currency remains unchanged, to achieve the average daily income level before the halving this year, the number of transactions required would reach 1.6737 million, equivalent to a 202.49% increase over the daily average after the halving, or the average transaction fee per transaction would reach 0.00080317 BTC, equivalent to a 206.08% increase over the daily average after the halving.

  • The strong demand for Runes at the beginning of its launch brought huge profits to miners, contributing 881 BTC in transaction fees on the first day of launch.

01. After the reduction in production, the proportion of loss-making chips increased to 15%, and the number of large-amount currency holding addresses with more than 100 BTC increased significantly

A potential market consensus is that the price of Bitcoin will rise sharply after the production cut. Historical data shows that within one year (365 days) after the past three production cuts, the price of Bitcoin rose by 8069.11%, 256.85%, and 478.10% respectively.

But in the short term, the impact of Bitcoin production cuts on prices is slow. In the short term (17 days) after the past three production cuts, Bitcoins price rose by 9.73%, 0.97%, and 6.98%. However, since this production cut, Bitcoin has remained high and sideways, currently (17 days) at around $62,400, a drop of about 3.87%.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

The price of the currency is not as good as expected, which has led to a significant increase in the proportion of losing chips in the market. Since the production cut, the price of Bitcoin has fluctuated between US$64,900 and US$62,400, and the proportion of losing chips has increased from 10.95% to 15.18%. In fact, the price of the currency has been sideways, but the increase in the proportion of losing chips began before the production cut. Since March, the price of Bitcoin has been sideways above US$62,500, while the proportion of losing chips has continued to rise from 1.28%. This means that many short-term investors may suffer losses due to the expectation of production cuts.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

The SOPR index of short-term investors also confirms this possibility from the side. The index is less than 1, indicating that investors who hold coins for more than 1 hour but less than 155 days are generally losing money. According to CryptoQuant data, the current index is 1.0022, very close to 1, and the average value of the index after the reduction is 0.99972, which indicates that short-term investors are generally losing money recently.

As prices slumped, the circulation of chips on the chain also slowed down significantly. According to glassnode data, the current circulation rate (average of the past 7 days) is 0.01044, which is nearly 23% lower than 0.01356 on the day of the reduction, and nearly 33% lower than the beginning of the year, a significant drop.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

The rapid decline in the circulation rate may mean that more chips are in the process of accumulation. From the perspective of time cycle, the number of chips with a holding period of 1 month to 3 months, 3 months to 6 months, and 3 years to 5 years has increased significantly since this year. In particular, the proportion of chips held for 1 month to 3 months has increased by 7.14 percentage points this year and 2.44 percentage points after halving, indicating a trend of accumulation from short-term to medium- and long-term holding periods.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

From the perspective of currency holding addresses with different balances, since the beginning of this year, among the addresses marked as Entities (referring to the address cluster controlled by the same network entity, which may be exchange addresses, foundation addresses, whale addresses, miner addresses, etc.), the number of addresses with balances between 100 BTC and 1000 BTC and between 1000 BTC and 10000 BTC has increased significantly, by 1.35% and 1.39% respectively, and this phenomenon still exists after the halving. Among all addresses, the number of addresses with balances between 1000 BTC and 10000 BTC increased by 1.07%. These data show that the number of large holders is increasing and the chips are in the process of gathering.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

02. After the reduction in production, the computing power dropped by more than 7%, and the daily mining income dropped to 26.49 million US dollars

After the Bitcoin production cut, the total network computing power (the average computing power in the last 7 days) has dropped significantly. According to glassnode data, the current computing power is 582.2 EH/s, which is 7.43% lower than the day of the production cut. The decline in computing power exceeds the decline in the price of the currency, which may indicate that miners have shut down some mining machines in order to maintain interest rates.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

According to the data from f2pool, judging from the shutdown prices of different mining machines, miners are currently facing great revenue pressure. According to the coin price of $62,315.29 on the day of data collection, if the mining machine is located in an area with lower electricity costs, assuming a charge of $0.07 per 10 million, then the shutdown price is lower than the current coin price, and there are 31 mining machine models that can still make a profit. Among them, the Ant S 21 Pro has the lowest shutdown price of $32,200, with a daily net revenue of $5.52. According to data from BTC.com, the lowest shutdown price was still $14,300 in August last year.

If the mining machine is located in an area with higher electricity costs, assuming the charge is $0.12/kWh, then there are only three mining machine models that can still be profitable: Antminer S 21 Pro, Antminer S 21 Hyd, and Antminer S 21, with a shutdown price of more than $55,200.

If the current market conditions do not improve, then the electricity price will be an important factor in determining the life and death of miners. If the market conditions improve, to what extent will the pressure on miners be relieved?

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

Assuming that electricity costs remain low, when the coin price rises to $80,000, the number of profitable mining machines will reach 45, the lowest shutdown price is still the Antminer S 21 Pro, and the highest daily net income is the Shenma M 63 S (390 T), reaching $12.30. When the coin price rises to $100,000, the number of profitable mining machines will reach 66, the lowest shutdown price is the Antminer S 21 Pro, and the highest daily net income is the Shenma M 63 S (390 T), reaching $18.41. When the coin price rises, for miners, the types of mining machines available increase significantly, and they can be configured in a variety of ways.

After the halving, mining revenue has dropped sharply. According to CryptoQuant data, the current total daily mining revenue is about $26.4871 million, down 51.63% from the average daily revenue of $54.7623 million before the halving this year. But it is worth noting that on the day of the halving, due to the launch of the Runes protocol, the mining revenue on that day was about $107 million, 95.06% higher than the average daily revenue before the halving this year.

The strong increase in on-chain demand can make up for the losses of miners caused by the halving through transaction fees. On the day Runes was launched, transaction fees reached 80.58 million US dollars, accounting for 75% of total revenue. However, as Runes popularity cooled and transaction volume declined, the current daily transaction fee is about 2.28 million US dollars, a 34% decrease from the average daily fee before the halving this year.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

Miner mining income (USD) = (block reward + transaction fee) * coin price, so the reduction in miner income caused by halving can be directly compensated in two ways. First, assuming that the transaction fee income remains unchanged, the coin price needs to rise sharply. Second, assuming that the coin price is basically stable, the fee income needs to rise sharply and continuously. Of course, this is a simple static analysis, the purpose of which is to show the potential impact of Bitcoin halving on the coin price and transactions.

According to CryptoQuant data, the average daily mining income before the halving was US$54.76 million, and the average daily block volume after the halving was 139 blocks, that is, the average block reward after the halving was 434.23 BTC, the average transaction fee after the halving was 0.0002624 BTC, and the average daily total number of transactions after the halving was 553,328.19 times.

Assuming that the transaction fee income remains unchanged, that is, maintaining the current average transaction fee and number of transactions, then for miners to achieve the average daily income level before this years halving, the coin price needs to reach US$94,489.82, which is equivalent to an increase of 51.63% over the current coin price.

Assuming that the currency price remains unchanged and the transaction fee remains unchanged, the average daily income level before this years halving would require 1.6737 million transactions, which is equivalent to an increase of 202.49% over the daily average after the halving.

Assuming that the coin price remains unchanged and the number of transactions remains unchanged, the average daily income level before this years halving would require an average transaction fee of 0.00080317 BTC, which is equivalent to an increase of 206.08% over the daily average after the halving.

03. Bitcoin demand remains weak, with TVL and Runes falling

It is estimated that the impact of halving on the mining industry is significant, and unprofitable miners will pose a threat to the underlying security of the blockchain. In addition to the price of the currency, transaction fees and transaction times are direct reflections of demand. So what is the current demand for Bitcoin?

From the perspective of Runes, according to @cryptokoryos dashboard data in Dune Analytics, the number of related transactions has dropped from the initial 463,600 to the current 79,400, and the handling fee has dropped from 881 BTC to the current 4 BTC. From the daily mining income, we can see that the strong demand for Runes at the beginning of its launch can bring huge profits to miners. The question now is how to maintain the sustainability of demand for various Bitcoin projects such as Runes.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

In addition, the DeFi imagination brought by Bitcoins Layer 2 and Runes may also stimulate more usage demand. From the current situation, according to DefiLIama statistics, the current TVL on the Bitcoin chain has reached 1.208 billion US dollars, an increase of 296% since the beginning of this year, and has remained basically stable after the halving. Among them, in addition to the Lightning Network, the recently launched AINN Layer 2 has also performed well, with a current TVL of 590 million US dollars, becoming the main application in the Bitcoin ecosystem. In addition, applications such as BiFi, Maya Protocol, and BoringDAO have also achieved rapid growth in TVL this year.

Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches ,000

This article is sourced from the internet: Dynamic balance after BTC halving: mining revenue plummets, shutdown price reaches $55,000

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